NRDWP (Support): 5% of NRDWP funds will released to States every year for undertaking software support activities. No additional fund will be provided by GoI for these activities beyond the allocated amount. All the Support activities indicated below are likely to continue for the 12th Five Year Plan also. For this, each State should set up a properly staffed Water and Sanitation Support Organisation (WSSO) under the State Water and Sanitation Mission. WSSOs have to be staffed by experts in social development, human resource development, communication and IT skills and other areas as required by them in addition to engineering and technical staff that they may already be having; These funds will be utilised, inter alia, for :
- Providing support for awareness creation and training activities taken up by the Communication and Capacity Development Units (CCDU) under the WSSO;
- Setting up district and sub divisional water quality testing labs and supply of field test kits and training to grass root level workers for simple water quality tests;
- Providing hardware and software support for MIS at the district and sub divisional level to bring in more accountability, effective monitoring and transparency in delivery of services.
Activities to be under taken by the States under this fund are mentioned below:
Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance (WQM&S): Under the National Rural Drinking Water Programme the issue of Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance has been given due emphasis. The monitoring and surveillance results from the habitations are also to be put on the database of the Department and monitored to ensure drinking water security at the household level.
The National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme launched in February 2005 has now been merged with NRDWP. Detailed WQM&S Guideline is at Annexure
III. Broadly, the programme is as follows:
The approach, strategy and mode of implementation of the WQM&S programme as detailed in the “Implementation Manual on National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme” issued by RGNDWM, Department of Drinking Water Supply, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India (November 2004) needs to be adopted.
- All drinking water sources should be tested at least twice a year for bacteriological contamination and once a year for chemical contamination.
- Under NRDWP, States may establish Water
Testing Laboratories at the Sub- Division level with a provision of testing few selected chemical parameters (need based) and biological parameters. Under NRHM there is a provision of testing water quality (biological parameters) at the Primary Health Canters. Such facilities, along with any other labs like college/school labs, in the area, may be used for the programme.
- The existing Field Testing Kits (FTK) may continue to be used for primary detection of chemical and biological contamination of all the drinking water sources in the villages. Fund provided for procurement of FTKs under National Rural Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance Programme launched in February 2005 should be fully utilized.
- IEC and HRD for WQM&S are to be taken up as part of the CCDU activities.
- The services of five GP level persons who have been trained under National Rural Drinking Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance programme since February 2006 i.e. ASHA, Anganwadi Workers, School Teachers, GP members,Social Workers etc. will continue to be utilized for the surveillance programme.
- Monitoring is to be done by entering the test
results of all sources tested by the designated labs on the IMIS of DDWS. The habitation and household data must be collected by two village level members
- VWSC member selected in the Gram Sabha and fully accountable to the Panchayat and (ii) ASHA of NRHM. They will also authenticate the test results of Field Test Kits used in the village.
Communication and Capacity Development : The HRD and IEC programmes under the rural water supply programme have been merged in 2004-05 and GoI provides 100% grant-in aid to establish Communication and Capacity Development Unit (CCDU) in all States/UTs. Before taking up piped water supply projects in a village, VWSC should be formed, their members trained and they should be involved in selection of source and system, estimating demand quantity, planning, monitoring, construction and in operation and maintenance. This requires targeted IEC and HRD activities in such villages. The aim is to create awareness among rural people on all aspects of rural water supply and its related issues and to enhance the capacity of the Panchayati Raj Institutions/Local Bodies/VWSC with the objective of enabling them to take up planning, implementation and operation and maintenance activities related to rural water supply systems. NRDWP (Support) funds will be provided for activities under the CCDU, as per the guidelines given in Annexure IV.
Management Information System : For effective planning, monitoring and implementation of NRDWP, Information Technology (IT) based Management Information System provides the following support:- Maintenance of habitation -level status of water supply data to ensure planning and monitoring at micro and macro level.
Assistance for computer facilities up to sub-division level, in phases, to ensure latest technology for processing and storing data in an RDBMS and its communication from one office to another through Internet. Assistance for development of village based GIS maps and its storage and processing, including procurement of digital maps from Survey of India and procurement of GPS instruments for identification and capture of the location of drinking water sources.
Development and maintenance of customized software for enabling States and UTs to fully utilise the computing power for planning, monitoring and implementation of various activities in the sector and making the relevant data available at the central server through the IMIS application.
NRDWP (Support) funds will be provided for MIS activities. Guideline on MIS and Computerization project is given in Annexure IV.
Research and Development : With the new issues and challenges emerging in the rural drinking water and sanitation sector, a Research & Development Advisory Committee (RDAC) has been set up under the Chairpersonship of Secretary, Department of Drinking Water Supply, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. The functions of the Research & Development Advisory Committee (RDAC) on rural drinking water and sanitation sector will be, interalia:
- Identify field problems from the user departments and community organizations, viz. Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) Community- based organization (CBOs), voluntary agencies, etc.
- Generate new ideas for research, development and innovation, and fix priority for such projects and decide thrust areas.
- Identify institutions and scientists for specific research, development, innovation and pilot projects, and invite them to submit proposals.
- Help the identified scientists/ organizations to formulate inter-sectoral and multi-disciplinary research projects relevant to the sector.
- Help the Department to prepare specialized and emerging science and technology related documents of current interest.
- Advise the Department on all such matters which will be helpful in promoting and adopting useful technology as well as research and developmental activities with specific reference to rural water supply and sanitation sectors.
- Promote convergence with other agencies involved in similar activities and dovetail the same for the benefit of the WATSAN sector.
In order to consider/ approve the Research and Development projects on Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation, it has been decided to constitute a Project Sanctioning Committee under the Chairpersonship of Secretary, Department of Drinking Water Supply, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. The Committee will consider the recommendations of the Research and Development Advisory Committee (RDAC) while approving the projects. To strengthen the R&D facilities in the concerned Departments in various States, State Governments are encouraged to establish R&D cells with adequate manpower and infrastructure. R&D Cells are required to remain in touch with the premier State Technical Agency. The network of technical institutions may follow the guidelines issued by the Department from time to time for effective implementation of the rural water supply programme. R&D Cells are also required to be in link with the Monitoring and Investigation Unit and study the Monitoring and Evaluation Study Reports for initiating appropriate follow up action. The R&D Cell should keep in touch with the documentation and information centre of the DDWS.
Guideline indicating the thrust areas of R&D is at Annexure VI.
Programme and Project Monitoring and Evaluation : Central Government takes up monitoring and evaluation studies through reputed organizations / institutions from time to time.
The State Governments may also take up similar monitoring and evaluation studies on the implementation of the rural water supply programme. Such proposal needs to be approved in the SLSSC meeting.
100% financial assistance will be provided by the Centre to the States for taking up such evaluation studies under Support activities fund.
The reports of these studies should be made available to the Department and immediate corrective action should be initiated as a follow up to improve the quality of programme implementation.
Other Support Activities:
Rigs and Hydro Fracturing Units : The expenditure for purchase of Rigs/ Hydro fracturing units would be made by the Central Government and State Government on 50:50 basis from the normal NRDWP fund. A rig monitoring plan for the State should be drawn up at the beginning of the year to effect optimum utilisation of these machines and the crew.
Monitoring and Investigation Units : A special monitoring cell and investigation unit at the State headquarters should be set up and headed by a well qualified and senior officer with necessary supporting staff.
The Monitoring unit shall be responsible for collecting information either online or through hard copies from the executing agencies through prescribed reports and returns (Progress Monitoring System), maintenance of the data and timely submission of the prescribed data online to the Central Government by due dates. The unit shall also be responsible for monitoring aspects of quality of water, adequacy of service and other related qualitative aspects of the programme at the field level. The Unit shall also maintain water quality data in coordination with the concerned Department, Central/State Ground Water Board. Details of different technologies developed by institutions for tackling different problems should be provided by the Unit to the field level executing agencies. The Monitoring and Investigation Units should also have technical posts of hydrologists, geophysicist, computer specialists with data entry operators, etc. A Quality Control Unit should be an integral part of M&I Units and should work in coordination with the R&D Cell. This unit will be responsible for controlling/ regulating the quality of construction works in water supply schemes and will ensure practical application of latest technologies in the field. The expenditure will be borne .by the Central Government and the State Governments on 50:50 sharing basis. The Central share will be met from the NRDWP (Support) funds.
External Support Agencies : Various external support agencies like World Bank, Japan Bank for International Cooperation, KFW etc. are willing to support projects in the rural water supply sector. States that desire to avail such assistance may prepare project proposals as explained below:
Projects submitted for external funding should include a strong component for institutionalizing community-based demand driven Rural Water Supply Programme with cost sharing by the communities, gradually replacing the current government supply driven centrally monitored non- participating programme. These projects should address software activity needs, drinking water supply, sustainability measures, enabling target communities to become open-defecation free, environmental sanitation, health education, income generating activities, etc. Approval of State Finance and Planning Departments should be obtained to ensure that the proposal has been scrutinized for its viability.
The progress should be monitored at the level of Secretary in the State to ensure the completion of projects on time to avoid cost overrun and to take appropriate remedial measures.